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There are currently a number of LNG-fuelled ferries operating in Scandinavia. Key drivers in this region were:

  • the Baltic Sea ECA
  • the Norwegian NOx fund
  • Norwegian government requirements on improved environmental performance for ferry route concessions


Some of these ferries are described below, but it should be noted that these are only examples and do not represent all currently operational LNG-fuelled ferries.

Viking Grace

The Viking Grace is the first LNG-fuelled passenger vessel in the world. This cruise ferry was delivered in January 2013 and is equipped with a dual-fuel Wärtsilä engine. The Viking Grace is operated by the Finnish ferry operator Viking Line and operates on the Turku28 million) from the Finnish state aid programme.


Characteristics of Viking Grace
Capacity 2,800 passengers
Engine power  dual-fuel (Wärtsilä)
Engine type 30 MW all
Owner Viking Line Abp, Finland
New-build or retrofit new-build
Operational since January 2013
Route Turku - Aland Islands (Finland) - Stockholm (Sweden)


MS Stavangerfjord and MS Bergensfjord

Two Fjord Line cruise ferries equipped with gas engines have been in operation since 2013. These new-build ferries were constructed by the Bergen Group and the engines were supplied by Rolls Royce.  Fjord line has benefited from the EU TEN-T fund. 


Characteristics of MS Stavagerfjord and MS Bergensfjord
Engine type gas engine (Rolls Royce)
Engine power 5.6 MW each
Owner Fjord Line
New-build or retrofit new-build
Operational since 2013
Route Bergen-Stavanger-Hirtshals and Hirtshals-Langesund (Norway/Denmark)


Brittany Ferries

In January 2014, Brittanny Ferries announced the order of an LNG-powered cruise ferry, following a two-year feasibility study. The vessel is scheduled for operation in spring 2017.


Characteristics of the LNG-powered cruise ferry ordered by Brittany Ferries
Capacity 2,474 passengers
Engine type dual-fuel (Wärtsilä)
Engine power 45 MW all
Owner Brittany Ferries
New-build or retrofit new-build
Operational spring 2017
Route Portsmouth (UK) -St. Malo (France)


Totem Ocean Trailer Express (TOTE)

TOTE plans to convert two existing RoRo vessels (the Midnight Sun and North Star, both from 2003) to dual-fuel operation by retrofitting the engines. The vessels will be in operation on the Tacoma and Anchorage service. Conversion will take place at the NASSCO shipyard.


Characteristics of the two existing TOTE RoRo vessels to be retrofitted
Size 839-foot
Engine type dual-fuel (MAN B&W)
Owner TOTE
New-build or retrofit retrofit
Operational early 2016
Route Tacoma and Anchorage service


United European Car Carriers (UECC)

In March 2014 UECC ordered two dual-fuel Pure Car and Truck Carriers (PCTCs) for delivery in the second half of 2016. The vessels will run on LNG or HFO and MGO and be able to sail two weeks solely on LNG. The vessels will also be equipped with fuel-reducing options.


Characteristics of two PCTSc to be operated by UECC
Capacity 3,800 cars
Engine type gas-diesel (MAN B&W)
Owner UECC
New-build or retrofit new-build
Operational second half of 2016
Route Baltic Sea


Further reading

Order book

The LNG-fuelled fleet in operation in 2016 will be double the size of the current fleet. The order book shows a shift towards larger ship types like tankers, container ships, general cargo ships and RoRo ships. In Europe and North America, especially, significant growth is expected.