- Bunker checklists
- World map
- Developments in ports
- Safety restrictions and impacts
- Bunkering practices
- Supply chain and infrastructure
- Funding for LNG infrastructure
- Business case
Various LNG bunkering methods are available, with truck-to-ship transfer (TTS) as the most frequently used at the moment. The choice for TTS is driven by the difficulty of developing the business case for bunkering by special barges and from the shore. However, the business case is not the only decisive criterion for selection of the preferred bunkering method. Also the operational flexibility, safety requirements and capacity will be taken into account in the future.
STS bunkering favoured
Ship-to-ship (STS) bunkering is generally considered the most favourable option for LNG bunkering, especially for ships with a short port turnaround time. STS bunkering does not generally interfere with cargo operation and passenger movement; however these operations should be considered in the risk assessment when drawing up plans for STS bunkering and approval by authorities.